Early detection of cervical cancer

Early detection of cervical cancer can be carried out by pap smear or IVA (visual inspection of acetic acid). Good pap smears or IVA will detect abnormalities in the cervix or cervix before cancer cells arise (pre-cancerous lesions). If abnormalities are detected at the time of examination, the doctor will then carry out a biopsy to determine whether such changes are due to cancer or not.

Pap smear examination is carried out by taking a sample of cells in the cervix by applying a soft brush. These cells are then examined in the lab to see if there are signs of malignancy, infection, and other abnormalities.

Early detection of cervical cancer

Pap smear results are known to be more accurate, because what is examined is cell change, is the smallest unit in the human body. Thus, micro changes that are not visible to the eye can be detected. Except that, pap smears are measured more specifically in detecting cervical cancer and also evaluating the development of therapy. This examination can only be carried out by a doctor and is available at the clinic and hospital. The price is even more expensive compared to the IVA trial.

The IVA trial is an examination by observing the visible appearance of the cervix with the help of a lamp. This experiment applied 5 percent acetic acid which was applied to the cervix for 30-60 seconds. If after applying acetic acid there appears a change in color to the cervix, hence there are indications of abnormalities. Despite this, this disorder cannot be ascertained whether it is a pre-cancerous infection or lesion. This is what makes IVA trials measured not as specific as pap smears in detecting cervical cancer.

Nonetheless, IVA trials consistently have advantages in their role as detection of cervical cancer. This experiment can be carried out by midwives, doctors, or trained medical personnel. Examination tools that are applied are even minimal, so that they can be carried out in remote areas with limited medical power and hospitals. Except that, in terms of price the trial is cheaper than pap smears.

Except for pap smear or IVA examination, there are also other screening alternatives that can be made, namely the LBC trial (liquid-based cytology) or fluid-based cell examination. This experiment is also referred to as an HPV experiment.

In this experiment, the cells taken will be put into a special bottle, the next sample will be examined with a microscope. This experiment was measured more accurately compared to pap smears, because this experiment specifically aims to find the HPV virus that causes cervical cancer.

If you are 21 years old and have been sexually active, you are really recommended to run a pap smear trial, IVA trial, or LBS regularly as a step in early detection of cervical cancer. If found as early as possible, the opportunity to recover will also increase so that it can reduce the mortality rate of this disease.

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